Scientific and Engineering Overview of the NASA Dual-Frequency Dual Polarized Doppler Radar (D3R) System for GPM Ground Validation
As an integral part of Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, Ground Validation (GV) program proposes to establish an independent global cross-validation process to characterize errors and quantify uncertainties in the precipitation measurements of the GPM program. A ground- based Dual-Frequency Dual-Polarized Doppler Radar (D3R) that will provide measurements at the two broadly separated frequencies (Ku- and Ka-band) is currently being developed to enable GPM ground validation, enhance understanding of the microphysical interpretation of precipitation and facilitate improvement of retrieval algorithms. The first generation D3R design will comprise of two separate co- aligned single-frequency antenna units mounted on a common pedestal with dual-frequency dual-polarized solid- state transmitter. This paper describes the salient features of this radar, the system concept and its engineering design challenges.