GPM content

NASA Rainfall Data and Global Fire Weather
The Global Fire WEather Database (GFWED) integrates different weather factors influencing the likelihood of a vegetation fire starting and spreading. It is based on the Fire Weather Index (FWI) System, which tracks the dryness of three general fuel classes, and the potential behavior of a fire if it were to start. Each day, FWI values are calculated from global weather data, including satellite rainfall data from the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission.

Oklahoma Mesoscale Convective System (MCS) Examined With GPM

The GPM Core observatory satellite's passed over Oklahoma on Monday, June 25, 2018 04:08 AM CDT (0508 UTC). The satellite makes measurements of precipitation with it's GPM's Microwave Imager (GMI) and Dual-Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) instruments every 95 minutes as it orbits the earth at 252.3 miles (407 km). The area covered by GPM's radar is shown in lighter shades. GPM passed directly over the center of a Mesoscale Convective System (MCS) that was moving across Oklahoma. GPM found that the MCS contained some intense storms. GPM's DPR can make accurate rainfall measurements along it

Southern Texas' Flooding Rainfall Examined With IMERG

Extremely heavy rainfall caused a flash flood emergency over southern Texas this week. More than 15 inches (381 mm) of rain fell in Hidalgo County, Texas since Tuesday June 19, 2018. The Governor of Texas declared a state of emergency for six counties in South Texas Thursday afternoon. Heavy rain had ended Friday morning but occasional showers were still occurring over southern Texas. At 4:28 AM CDT Friday June 22, 2018 the National Weather Service in Brownsville, Texas issued a "Flood Warning for Urban Areas and Small Streams in... Southwestern Hidalgo County in Deep South Texas..."

GPM Satellite Probes Storms In The Western Gulf Of Mexico

A mid-level and surface trough over southern Texas is producing heavy rainfall. Heavy rainfall is expected to continue in the area through Wednesday evening. On June 19, 2018 at 3:37 PM CDT ( 2037 UTC) the GPM core observatory satellite passed over the western Gulf Of Mexico. This GPM pass revealed extreme rainfall that was being produced by a tropical disturbance in the northwestern Gulf Of Mexico. GPM's Microwave Imager (GMI) and Dual Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) instruments probed powerful storms that were dropping rain at a rate of 3.5 inches (88 mm) per hour. The GPM satellite's

Hurricane Bud's Rainfall Measured with GPM IMERG

Beneficial rainfall from hurricane Bud's remnants has spread into the Desert Southwest. This rainfall may be helpful in an area that has been experiencing exceptional drought accompanied by wildfires. Bud's rainfall may also signal the beginning of the summer monsoon over the Desert Southwest. The image above shows estimates of accumulated rainfall using IMERG (Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM) data generated during the period from June 9-18, 2018. This rainfall occurred during the period when Bud formed southwest of Mexico, intensified into a powerful category four hurricane

PPS Systems Downtime - Sunday June 17, 2018 - Planned GPM servers upgrade

On Sunday June 17, 2018 PPS System Programmers and staff will be performing an important scheduled GPM archive server upgrade. Due to this upgrade process, most PPS systems and services will be unavailable for most or all of that day starting at 9:00 AM (EDT) and lasting until late afternoon or longer depending upon the upgrade circumstances. -It is important to note that GPM (NRT) near realtime services (SDPS and will remain available and unaffected during this period. -PPS's Aeolus server ( will only provide near real

GPM Radar Views Powerful Convective Storms over Saudi Arabia

View full-screen in STORM Event Viewer Saudi Arabia is not thought of as a region rife with intense thunderstorms, but its southwestern region features an abrupt orographic incline from the Red Sea coast toward the interior. Here, warm moist air can be forceably lifted up the slope of the Sarawat Mountains resulting in torrential downpours and flash flooding. In this overflight, we see an occasion of this, with DPR cloud top heights up to 20km and 89 GHz brightness temperatures near 55K, suggesting the likelihood of hail within the deep convective plume.

GPM Flies Over Hurricane Bud off the Coast of Mexico

View full-screen in STORM Event Viewer The GPM core observatory satellite passed above hurricane BUD in the eastern Pacific Ocean on June 12, 2018 at 5:27 PM MDT (2327 UTC). BUD's movement over colder waters had caused it's eye to become less defined. Data collected by GPM's Microwave Imager (GMI) showed that moderate to heavy precipitation was only present in the southeastern quadrant of the weakening hurricane. GPM's GMI also indicated that the heaviest rainfall in the area, of over 78 mm (3.1 inches) per hour, was occurring near Mexico's coastline well to the northeast of BUD's center of

GPM Probes Tropical Storm Maliksi

The GPM core observatory satellite had an excellent view of tropical storm MALIKSI when it passed over southern Japan on June 10, 2018 at 1759 UTC. GPM's Microwave Imager (GMI) and Dual Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) instruments collected data that revealed the horizontal and vertical extent of precipitation within the tropical storm. GPM's GMI showed that heavy downpours were occurring in a rain band wrapping around MALIKSI's northeastern side. GPM's radar (DPR Ku Band) found that bands of storms moving around the northwestern side of the tropical storm were dropping rain at a rate of

GPM Flies Over Intensifying Hurricane Aletta

As expected, tropical storm Aletta intensified and became a hurricane. Aletta was a powerful hurricane with winds of about 85 kts (98 mph) when the GPM core observatory satellite passed over head on June 7, 2018 at 18:38 PM MDT (June 8, 2018 at 0038 UTC). GPM's Microwave Imager (GMI) and Dual Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) instruments showed that hurricane Aletta contained powerful storms that were producing heavy precipitation. Very strong convective storms were producing heavy rainfall in Aletta's eye wall while the most extreme downpours were shown in a large feeder band wrapping