Precipitation Processing System (PPS) servers will be down for extended maintenance from Tuesday, September 22nd through Thursday September 24th. During this time the PPS websites, the PMM Publisher API, and the GPM research data server (arthurhou) will be unavailable. The GPM near real-time server (jsimpson) and satellite data collection will not be affected. Click here to learn more.

TRMM Refereed Publications

Prigent, C., E. Defer, J. R. Pardo, C. Pearl, W. B. Rossow, and J.-P. Pinty, : Relations of polarized scattering signatures observed by the TRMM Microwave Instrument with electrical processes in cloud systems. Geophys. Res. Letts., 32(4), L04810, doi:10.1029/2004GL022225.
Pu, Z., W.-K. Tao, S. Braun, J. Simpson, Y. Jia, J. Halverson, W. Olson, and A. Hou, : The Impact of TRMM Data on Mesoscale Numerical Simulation of Supertyphoon Paka. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130(10), 2448–2458, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2002)1302.0.CO;2.
Puri, K., and M. J. Miller, : The Use of Satellite Data in the Specification of Convective Heating for Diabatic Initialization and Moisture Adjustment in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 67-93, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1990)1182.0.CO;2.
Puri, K., and N. E. Davidson, : The Use of Infrared Satellite Cloud Imagery Data as Proxy Data for Moisture and Diabatic Heating in Data Assimilation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 2329-2341, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1992)1202.0.CO;2.
Quartly, G. D., : Determination of Oceanic Rain Rate and Rain Cell Structure from Altimeter Waveform Data. Part I: Theory. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 15(6), 1361–1378, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1998)0152.0.CO;2.
Quartly, G. D., and M. A. Srokosz, : SST Observations of the Agulhas and East Madagascar Retroflections by the TRMM Microwave Imager. J. Phys. Oceanography, 32(5), 1585–1592, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2002)0322.0.CO;2.
R. Meneghini, H. Kumagai, J. R. Wang, T. Iguchi, T. Kozu, : Microphysical retrievals over stratiform rain using measurements from an airborne dual-wavelength radar-radiometer. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 35(3), 487-506, doi:10.1109/36.581956.
Rajopadhyaya, D. K., P. T. May, R. C. Cifelli, S. K. Avery, C. R. Willams, W. L. Ecklund, and K. S. Gage, : The Effect of Vertical Air Motions on Rain Rates and Median Volume Diameter Determined from Combined UHF and VHF Wind Profiler Measurements and Comparisons with Rain Gauge Measurements. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 15(6), 1306–1319, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1998)0152.0.CO;2.
Rapp, A. D., C. Kummerow, W. Berg, and B. Griffith, : An Evaluation of the Proposed Mechanism of the Adaptive Infrared Iris Hypothesis Using TRMM VIRS and PR Measurements. J. Climate, 18(20), 4185–4194, doi:10.1175/JCLI3528.1.
Rasmusson, E. M. and P. A. Arkin, : A Global View of Large-Scale Precipitation Variability. J. Climate, 6, 1495-1522, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1993)0062.0.CO;2.
Raymond, W. H., W. S. Olson, and G. Callan, : Diabatic Forcing and Initialization with Assimilation of Cloud Water and Rainwater in a Forecast Model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 366-382, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1995)1232.0.CO;2.
Reynolds, R. W., C. L. Gentemann, and F. Wentz, : Impact of TRMM SSTs on a Climate-Scale SST Analysis. J. Climate, 17(15), 2938–2952, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2004)0172.0.CO;2.
Rickenbach, T. M., : Cloud-Top Evolution of Tropical Oceanic Squall Lines from Radar Reflectivity and Infrared Satellite Data. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127(12), 2951–2976, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1999)1272.0.CO;2.
Robinson M., M. S. Kulie, D. S. Silberstein, D. A. Marks, D. B. Wolff, E. Amatai, B. S. Ferrier, B. L. Fisher, and J. Wang, : Evolving improvements to TRMM ground validation rainfall estimates. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part B: Hydrology, Oceans and Atmosphere, 25(10-12), 971-976, doi:10.1016/S1464-1909(00)00135-0.
Rodgers, E., W. Olson, J. Halverson, J. Simpson, and H. Pierce, : Environmental Forcing of Supertyphoon Paka’s (1997) Latent Heat Structure. J. Appl. Meteor., 39(12), 1983–2006, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2001)0402.0.CO;2.
Roebber, P. J., : A Diagnostic Case Study of Self-Development as an Antecedent Conditioning Process in Explosive Cyclogenesis. Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 976-1006, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1993)1212.0.CO;2.
Rosenfeld D., : Suppression of Rain and Snow by Urban and Industrial Air Pollution. Science, 287(5459), 1793-1796, doi:10.1126/science.287.5459.1793.
Rosenfeld D. and E. Amitai, : Comparison of WPMM versus Regression for Evaluating Z–R Relationships. J. Appl. Meteor., 37(10), 1241-1249, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1998)0372.0.CO;2.
Rosenfeld D. and I. M. Lensky, : Spaceborne sensed insights into precipitation formation processes in continental and maritime clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 2457-2476, doi:.
Rosenfeld, D., : TRMM observed first direct evidence of smoke from forest fires inhibiting rainfall. Geophys. Res. Letts., 26(20), 3105-3108, doi:10.1029/1999GL006066.