Precipitation Processing System (PPS) servers will be down for extended maintenance from Tuesday, September 22nd through Thursday September 24th. During this time the PPS websites, the PMM Publisher API, and the GPM research data server (arthurhou) will be unavailable. The GPM near real-time server (jsimpson) and satellite data collection will not be affected. Click here to learn more.

TRMM Refereed Publications

Thurai, M., E. Deguchi, T. Iguchi, and K. Okamoto, : Freezing Height Distribution in the Tropics. International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking, 21(6), 533-545, doi:10.1002/sat.768.
Thurai, M., T. Iguchi, T. Kozu, J. D. Eastment, C. L. Wilson, and J. T. Ong, : Radar observations in Singapore and their implications for TRMM Precipitation radar retrieval algorithms. Radio Science, 38(5), 1086, doi:10.1029/2002RS002855.
Tian, Y., C. D. Peters-Lidard, B. J. Choudhury, and M. Garcia, : Multitemporal Analysis of TRMM-Based Satellite Precipitation Products for Land Data Assimilation Applications. J. Hydrometeor., 8(6), 1165–1183, doi:10.1175/2007JHM859.1.
Tibbets R. T., and. T. N. Krishnamurti, : An intercomparison of hurricane forecasts using SSM/I and TRMM rain rate algorithms. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 74(1-4), 37–49, doi:10.1007/s007030050004.
Timothy, K. I., T. Iguchi, Y. Ohsaki, H. Horie, H. Hanado, and H. Kumagai, : Test of the Specific Differential Propagation Phase Shift (KDP) Technique for Rain-Rate Estimation with a Ku-Band Rain Radar. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 16(8), 1077–1091, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1999)0162.0.CO;2.
Tokay, A., and D. A. Short, : Evidence from Tropical Raindrop Spectra of the Origin of Rain from Stratiform versus Convective Clouds. J. Appl. Meteor., 35(3), 355–371, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1996)0352.0.CO;2.
Tokay, A., D. A. Short, C. R. Williams, W. L. Ecklund, K. S. Gage, : Tropical Rainfall Associated with Convective and Stratiform Clouds: Intercomparison of Disdrometer and Profiler Measurements. J. Appl. Meteor., 38(3), 302–320, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1999)0382.0.CO;2.
Tran, N., E. Obligis, and F. Ferreira, : Comparison of Two Jason-1 Altimeter Precipitation Detection Algorithms with Rain Estimates from the TRMM Microwave Imager. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 22(6), 782–794, doi:10.1175/JTECH1742.1.
Tran, N., O.-Z. Zanife, B. Chapron, D. Vandemark, and P. Vincent, : Absolute Calibration of Jason-1 and Envisat Altimeter Ku-Band Radar Cross Sections from Cross Comparison with TRMM Precipitation Radar Measurements. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 22(9), 1389–1402, doi:10.1175/JTECH1791.1.
Tsuyuki, T., : Variational Data Assimilation in the Tropics Using Precipitation Data. Part III: Assimilation of SSM/I Precipitation Rates. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125(7), 1447–1464, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)1252.0.CO;2.
Turk, J., F. S. Marzano, and A. Mugnai, : Effects of Degraded Sensor Resolution upon Passive Microwave Precipitation Retrievals of Tropical Rainfall. J. Atmos. Sci., 55(9), 1689–1706, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1998)0552.0.CO;2.
Turner, B. J., and G. L. Austin, : Spatial Variability of Summer Florida Precipitation and Its Impact on Microwave Radiometer Rainfall-Measurement Systems. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 32, 172-181, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1993)0322.0.CO;2.
Tustison, B., D. Harris, and E. Foufoula-Georgiou, : Scale‐recursive estimation for multisensor Quantitative Precipitation Forecast verification: A preliminary assessment. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 107(D8), CIP 2-1-CIP 2-14, doi:10.1029/2001JD001073.
Ulbrich, C. W., and Atlas, D., : Rainfall Microphysics and Radar Properties: Analysis Methods for Drop Size Spectra. J. Appl. Meteor., 37(9), 912–923, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1998)0372.0.CO;2.
Ulbrich, C. W., and L. G. Lee, : Rainfall Measurement Error by WSR-88D Radars due to Variations in Z-R Law Parameters and the Radar Constant. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 16(8), 1017–1024, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1999)0162.0.CO;2.
Viltard, N., C. Burlaud, and C. D. Kummerow, : Rain Retrieval from TMI Brightness Temperature Measurements Using a TRMM PR–Based Database. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 45(3), 455–466, doi:10.1175/JAM2346.1.
Viltard, N., C. Kummerow, W. S. Olson, and Y. Hong, : Combined Use of the Radar and Radiometer of TRMM to Estimate the Influence of Drop Size Distribution on Rain Retrievals. J. Appl. Meteor., 39(12), 2103–2114, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2001)0402.0.CO;2.
Viltard, N., E. Obligis, V. Marecal, and C. Klapisz, : Retrieval of Precipitation from Microwave Airborne Sensors during TOGA COARE. J. Appl. Meteor., 37(7), 701–717, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1998)0372.0.CO;2.
Vincent, D. G., K. H. North, R. A. Velasco, and P. G. Ramsey, : Precipitation Rates in the Tropics Based on the Q1-Budget Method: 1 June 1984–31 May 1987. J. Climate, 4, 1070-1086, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1991)0042.0.CO;2.
Vincent, D. G., K. H. North, R. A. Velasco, and P. G. Ramsey, : Precipitation Rates in the Tropics Based on the Q1-Budget Method: 1 June 1984–31 May 1987. J. Climate, 4, 1070-1086, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1991)0042.0.CO;2.