The Global Precipitation Measurement mission's Core Observatory flew over Hurricane Arthur five times between July 1 and July 6, 2014. Arthur is the first tropical cyclone of the 2014 Atlantic Hurricane season. It formed as a tropical storm on Tuesday, July 1 and reached maximum intensity as a Category 2 hurricane on July 4, disrupting some coastal U.S. Independence Day celebrations. This visualization is taken from the flyover on July 3, 2014 with Hurricane Arthur just off the South Carolina coast.
Tropical storm Arthur intensified and was upgraded to a hurricane by the National Hurricane Center (NHC) early this morning. The TRMM satellite flew above the intensifying tropical storm on July 2, 2014 at 2156 UTC (7:56 PM EDT). At that time TRMM found that Arthur hadn't formed an eye but had heavy rain near the center of a well defined circulation. Rainfall derived from TRMM's Microwave Imager (TMI) and Precipitation Radar (PR) is shown overlaid on a GOES-EAST Visible/Infrared image collected at the same time as the TRMM pass.
The TRMM satellite had a good daylight look at tropical storm Arthur on July 1, 2014 at 1620 UTC (12:20 PM EDT) less than two hours after it was upgraded from a tropical depression. Rainfall from TRMM's Microwave Imager (TMI) and Precipitation Radar (PR) data are shown overlaid on a GOES-EAST infrared/visible image collected at 1626 UTC (12:26 PM EDT). The location of very heavy rainfall around Arthur's center was shown using TMI data. TRMM PR data sliced through the southern half of the tropical storm. A 3-D view (from the west) using those data is shown above. Radar reflectivity values
A tropical disturbance east of Florida's coast became better organized and was upgraded to a tropical depression by the National Hurricane Center (NHC) on June 30, 2014 at 11:00 PM EDT (July 1, 2014 at 0300 UTC). On July 1, 2014 at 1100 AM EDT (15:00 UTC) the NHC upgraded tropical depression one to tropical storm Arthur. The TRMM satellite had an excellent view of the forming tropical depression (TD01) on June 30, 2014 at 1717 UTC (1:17 PM EDT). Intense thunderstorms were shown by TRMM to be wrapping around the southern side of the low pressure center. TRMM's Precipitation Radar (PR) revealed