IMERG Early Run Example January 24th, 2020

Data

Precipitation data from the GPM and TRMM missions are made available free to the public in a variety of formats from several sources at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. This section outlines the different types of data available, the levels of processing, the sources to download the data, and some helpful tips for utilizing precipitation data in your research.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How do I get precipitation data for my specific location?

There are several sources for downloading and viewing data which allow you to subset the data to only include specific parameters and/or geographic locations. These include the GES DISCGiovanni and STORM. In Giovanni you can obtain data for a specific country, U.S. state, or watershed by using the "Show Shapes" option in the "Select Region" pane.

What happened to the TRMM Multi-satellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA / 3B4x) data products?

The TRMM satellilte has been decommissioned and stopped collecting data in April 2015. The transition from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) data products to the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission products has completed as of August 2019. The GPM IMERG dataset now includes TRMM-era data from June 2000 to the present, and other TRMM-era data has been reprocessed with GPM-era algorithms and is now available on the GPM FTP servers. TMPA data production ended as of December 31st, 2019 and the TRMMOpen FTP server has been shut down. Historical TMPA data is still available to download from the NASA GES DISC at: https://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/datasets?keywords=TMPA&page=1

Click here for more details on the transition from TMPA to IMERG. 

Am I allowed to use GPM data for my research?

Yes, in line with NASA's general data policy. Please refer to the GPM Data Policy for further details.

How do I give credit for using GPM data?
Where can I find detailed documentation on the precipitation algorithms?

Browse our directory of GPM & TRMM data products to locate your desired algorithm, then click on the links in the algorithm description under "Documentation". All documentation is also available at the Precipitation Processing System website

What is the spatial and temporal resolution of GPM data?

The resolution of Level 0, 1, and 2 data is determined by the footprint size and observation interval of the sensors involved.  Level 3 products are given a grid spacing that is driven by the typical footprint size of the input data sets.

For our popular multi-satellite GPM IMERG data products, the spatial resolution is 0.1° x 0.1° (or roughly 10km x 10km) with a 30 minute temporal resolution.

Visit the directory of GPM & TRMM data products for details on the resolution of each specific products.

Can I use images or videos from this site or other NASA websites?

For questions about permission for using NASA images and videos, please refer to NASA's official Media Usage Guidelines. For any additional questions please contact bert.ulrich@nasa.gov

Is it possible to subset GPM data?

There are several sources for downloading and viewing data which allow you to subset the data to only include specific parameters and/or geographic locations. These include the GES DISCGiovanni and STORM. In Giovanni you can obtain data for a specific country, U.S. state, or watershed by using the "Show Shapes" option in the "Select Region" pane.

What is the difference between "Near Real-time" (NRT) and "Production" / "Research" data?

GPM data products can be divided into two groups (near real-time and production) depending on how soon they are created after the satellite collects the observations. For applications such as weather, flood, and crop forecasting that need precipitation estimates as soon as possible, near real-time data products are most appropriate.  GPM near real-time (GMI & DPR) products are generally available within a few hours of observation.  For all other applications, production data products are generally the best data sets to use because additional or improved inputs are used to increase accuracy.  These other inputs are only made available several days, or in some cases, several months, after the satellite observations are taken, and the production data sets are computed after all data have arrived, making possible a more careful analysis.

For the GPM IMERG dataset, IMERG Early and Late Runs are the near real-time products, while IMERG Final Run is the research / production product. Click here to learn more about the differences between IMERG Early, Late and Final. 

During the initial setup up for V04 IMERG, an error was made in the configuration for running the EARLY version of IMERG. This affected the V04A early data from Feb 5 - March 12, 2017. This error caused the early and the late products to be identical. Given that the LATE product is the more accurate product this might not be an issue for many users. However, users who need a consistent approach in the early data will need to download IMERG early Feb 5-March 12, 2017 again. On April 12, 2017 at about 16:55 UTC Feb 5-Feb 28, 2017 files have been rerun and are available from their usual location...
PPS is announcing the release of GPM IMERG V04 Final products today, Wednesday March 22, 2017. Version 04 IMERG data is available on PPS's arthurhou ftp archive for the dates of March 2014 - July 2015. Processing will continue over the next several weeks until the data has been made available up to the present. This data can be found at: ftp://arthurhou.pps.eosdis.nasa.gov/gpmallversions/V04 Individual data orders, subsets or subscription orders can also be set up through PPS's STORM: https://storm.pps.eosdis.nasa.gov/storm/ Release notes and ATBD documentation for IMERG V04 can be found at...
PPS received replacement GPM Ka/Ku L1B products from JAXA and will reprocess the affected data. If you have already obtained products with orbit #17356 from our archive or through a standing order, etc., please discard and use the replacement products. PPS has replaced the following GPM Ka/Ku L1B data: GPMCOR_KUR_1703190533_0705_017356_1BS_DUB_04A.h5 GPMCOR_KAR_1703190533_0705_017356_1BS_DAB_04A.h5 ------------------------------------- PPS will reprocess these affected downstream products shortly. 2A.GPM.Ka.V6-20160118.20170319-S053318-E070552.017356.V04A.HDF5 2A.GPM.Ku.V6-20160118.20170319...
On the afternoon of March 16, one of the TDRSS data relay satellites went into safe hold. This has reduced the relay satellites available for downloading the data from the GPM core satellite to the ground station at White Sands, NM. It means that times between download contacts have increased. No data is lost but data latency has been greatly affected for the GPM near-realtime core satellite products: GMI and DPR. We understand that this increase in latency will be the norm for the next couple of days. There are NO issues with the GPM core satellite or its sensors. Also there are NO issues...
The algorithm for the Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) Early and Late Runs has now been upgraded to Version 04. The transition to V04 began at 15 UTC on March 13 and both the early and the late products were back to their target latency by 01:00 UTC, March 14. The transition took longer than planned but the core IMERG version 04 products are now running automatically as the original V03. The product version is V04A and you will see this in the name of the IMERG HDF5 products. For IMERG late the V03 products have remained before February 05, 2017. For IMERG early V03...

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